MALNUTRITION

Addressing Malnutrition to Support Healthy Outcomes for Patients

Addressing Malnutrition to Support Healthy Outcomes for Patients

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The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently approved a new quality measure to help reduce malnutrition.

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Duration
AUG. 23, 2022    3 MINUTES 
Description

Malnutrition affects 20-50% of hospitalized adult patients, yet only approximately 8% are diagnosed. Posing a significant burden to hospitals and patients, malnutrition often leads to increased readmissions, longer lengths of stay, higher health care costs, and increased mortality and morbidity.

To help improve the quality of care for adult patients with malnutrition and help reduce hospital stays and health care costs, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) recently issued a ruling that includes the Global Malnutrition Composite Sore (GMCS) as a quality measure for hospitals.

Stewarded by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and developed by Avalere, the GMCS is the first nutrition-focused quality measure and first electronic measure in any CMS payment program. With the goal of reducing and eliminating malnutrition, the measure is comprised of four components designed to identify and intervene for malnutrition, mitigate risk, and educate patients to help reduce the occurrence and its impact on health:

1. Screen for malnutrition risk: Nutrition screening using a validated tool upon hospital admission

2. Conduct nutrition assessment: Nutrition assessment using a standardized tool for those identified with nutrition risk

3. Document malnutrition diagnosis: Documentation of nutrition diagnosis for those identified as malnourished

4. Develop nutrition care plan: Establishment of a nutrition care plan for those identified as malnourished or at risk

These four components of the GMCS were developed, tested, and fine-tuned through the Malnutrition Quality Improvement Initiative. Implementation of the GMCS and related quality initiatives is an important opportunity for hospitals to address the burden of malnutrition and improve outcomes for patients and families. For more information, visit the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

A Renewed Focus on Addressing Malnutrition in Older Adults

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It’s no secret that we all age, but with the birth rate on the decline and longevity increasing around the world, the global population is aging at a rapid rate. By 2050, 1 in 6 people in the world will be aged 65 years or older, and the number of people over 80 is projected to triple in the next 30 years.[1]

But while many adults around the world are living longer, they are not necessarily living healthier. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, an often-hidden health condition experienced by many older adults has come back into focus more recently: malnutrition.

NUTRITION IS THE FOUNDATION FOR LIVING YOUR BEST LIFE. THAT’S WHY WE WORK HARD TO ADVANCE AND SHARE THE LATEST SCIENCE AND CREATE BETTER WAYS TO NOURISH YOUR BODY AT EVERY STAGE OF LIFE.

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