From day to day, elite athletes' workouts change to emphasize a variety of different strengths and skills and prevent over-training of specific muscles or joints. Over time, intense athletic training improves performance by breaking down the body's muscles, depleting them of their energy stores, and then recovering and repairing them to allow optimal strength and performance. If athletes don't recover properly from their strenuous training regimen, they can't perform at the elite level, and that's where proper nutrition and hydration come into play.
How Workouts Affect Your Body
"Muscle contraction creates friction and heat," explains Jennifer Williams, MPH, a nutrition scientist at Abbott. As your internal temperature increases during exercise, a sympathetic nervous system response triggers your sweat glands to produce perspiration. This moisture on your skin's surface helps cool it, which regulates your internal body temperature in the process.
“Losing sodium and chloride can reduce power, strength, agility, skill, and concentration, all of which are essential for elite athletes.”
Jennifer Williams, MPH, Nutrition Scientist at Abbott
As sweat is produced to cool your body, your internal water levels are slowly depleted. It's important to replace water as it's lost to stave off dehydration and maintain peak athletic performance.
Challenging exercise can drain your body of electrolytes: special minerals that help the brain, heart, gut, and muscles send and receive electrical signals. Electrolytes are critical for next-level athletic performance as well as basic biological functioning.
"Sodium and chloride are the electrolytes that we lose the most," says Williams. Losing sodium and chloride can reduce power, strength, agility, skill, and concentration, all of which are essential for elite athletes. Additional electrolytes are lost when you sweat: calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, all of which are important for muscle health and muscle repair post-workout. Even the best of the best can lose their edge near the end of training sessions, races, and games if they're low on electrolytes.
But not everyone sweats the same way, and athletes who lose too many electrolytes can experience performance-hindering cramps. "Athletes who sweat profusely, especially if they lose a lot of salt through sweat, are at a greater risk for cramping," Williams explains. Have you ever noticed white grit on your skin after an incredibly hard work out? That's essentially salt.
Advanced Hydration and Nutrition for Elite Performance and Recovery
"What if your job was to perform athletic feats day after day? If your body had to be consistently primed to perform?" Williams puts forth. "You would soon realize that without the right fuel on board, you couldn't crank through the task at hand."
Elite athletes don't have the option of taking a day off when they aren't feeling their best. To continue improving their performance, they must be prepared to work harder day after day. That's where a rehydration solution such as Pedialyte® Sport comes in.
"For decades, athletes have been using Pedialyte products to help them rehydrate during and after intense workouts," says Williams. New Pedialyte® Sport is an advanced hydration option formulated especially for athletes - with five key electrolytes for fast rehydration and muscle support. This new hydration product for athletes also has three times the electrolytes and 1/4 the sugar of the leading sports drinks*. "Pedialyte can help cover both the fluid and electrolyte losses that elite athletes will experience due to training or competitive games and races.” adds Williams.
Pedialyte® Sport’s unique formula with five electrolytes, including sodium, potassium, magnesium, chloride, and phosphate, is specifically designed for elite athletes.
Combine Hydration and Nutrition for Recovery Like a Pro
Even if you're not a professional athlete, following a concrete hydration and recovery game plan can help you take your performance to the next level. "Focus on hydration for recovery, and your body will better adapt to your workouts," Williams notes. "You'll come back ready to tackle the next task."
Not sure where to start? Consider these nutrition and hydration best practices:
It seems like elite athletes live in a world that's separate from the rest of us — one without gravity and that moves in fast forward — but the routines they use to power through each workout can also work for you. If you're thinking of starting a new fitness routine or trying to elevate your nutrition, talk to your doctor about the safest ways to get started.
* Pedialyte Sport products have 1380mg sodium and no more than 14g sugar per liter; leading sports drinks have ≈460mg sodium and ≈58g sugar per liter.
What Are Electrolytes?
Electrolytes are molecules that are critical to both your body's hydration levels and cellular function. Given their direct relationship with the body’s muscle and brain functioning, many people increase their intake of electrolytes when working out or playing sports. But what is the function of electrolytes in everyday use?
Nutrition & Hydration Tips from Celebrity Fitness Trainer Jeannette Jenkins
Are you thinking of starting an exercise regimen? That’s great! But don’t forget nutrition and hydration. We know. Life is hectic. It is hard to find time to exercise and eat right. But for optimal health, if you can carve out some time for a quick workout, there are simple ways to ensure that you are also eating correctly. We set out to answer three questions you may have while starting a new program. We asked Jennette Jenkins, fitness trainer and one of the nation’s leading healthy lifestyle coaches about why it is essential to prioritize nutrition and hydration.